WHO SPEAKS MANDARIN
Mandarin is used as a native language by one-fifth of the world’s people.
Over one billion people speak Mandarin.
It is an official language of mainland China, Taiwan and Singapore.
LEARNING ABOUT THE HISTORY AND CULTURE
Data from countries throughout the world is provided on individual countries and regions of the world on the topics of: Child health, Child Protection, Child Survival, Early Childhood Development, Education and Home Environments, HIV/AIDS, Maternal and newborn health, Nutrition, Sanitation and Water.
Early Childhood Development, Early Childhood Education and Home Environments.
Chinese Cultural Profile:
Information about Chinese history, culture and community with emphasis on health related issues.
Articles and information about health care topics related to Chinese culture.
Patient Education Materials:
Health education materials in Chinese language; English included or available separately.
Cultural Topic Articles:
Articles and information about Chinese culture. Some articles are longer versions of topics covered briefly in the Chinese Cultural Profile. Some clinical information is included but culture is more the focus: Chinese Language Profile, Chinese Food Profile
Links to other websites with information related to Chinese culture and health care topics.
PATIENT CARE GUIDE FROM THE CLEVELAND CLINIC:
These pages contain information about: Considerations before providing care, Meals, Hospital Attire, Communication, Rituals, End of Life Care
CULTURES WITHIN AMERICA AND WORLD CULTURES
Multicultural America: https://www.everyculture.com/multi/
World Cultures: https://www.everyculture.com/wc/
This website provides information by country on the topics of: History, The beginning of Immigration, the Modern Era, Significant Immigration waves, Settlement Patterns (Acculturation/Assimilation), Traditions, Customs & Beliefs, Proverbs, Cuisine, Traditional Costumes, Dances & Songs, Holidays, Health Issues (Language, Family Community Dynamics), Education, Birth, Role of Women, Courtship & Weddings, Funerals (Religion, Employment and Economic Traditions, Politics and Government), Relationship with country of origin (Individual Group Contributions), Academia, Government, Media, Organizations and Associations, Museums and Research Centers.
Information is provided on cultures within America and World Cultures.
CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL REHABILITATION RESEARCH INFORMATION & EXCHANGE (CIRRIE)
Rehabilitation Provider’s Guide to Cultures of the Foreign-Born:
Information provided: Introduction, Immigration History, Concept of Disability, Disability and Rehabilitation Systems, Communication between Consumers and Service Providers, Role of Family, Role of Community, Role of Religion, Gender, Holidays, Food Practices, Recommendations to Rehabilitation Service Providers,
INFORMATION FROM AUSTRALIA
QUEENSLAND HEALTH AUSTRALIA:
Information is available on: Places of Transition, Ethnicity, Language, Ancestry, Language & Religion, Communication, Health, Health Beliefs and practices, Social Determinants of Health
CULTURAL ATLAS AUSTRALIA:
Information for each culture are: Core Concepts, Greetings, Religion, Family, Naming, Dates of Significance, Etiquette, Do’s and Don’ts, Communication, Other Considerations, Business Culture
MULTICULTURAL CULTURAL CENTER SOUTH AUSTRALIA:
INFORMATION ABOUT SPEECH AND LANGUAGE IN MANDARIN AND CANTONESE
AMERICAN SPEECH/LANGUAGE AND HEARING ASSOCIATION-MULTICULTURAL:
The information below is from the ASHA website
ASHA’s policy documents state that SLPs and audiologists must consider the sound systems of all the languages used by a client in order to provide appropriate assessment and treatment services.
Cantonese Phonemic Inventory[PDF]
Cantonese (Hong Kong)(Portland State University)
Mandarin Phonemic Inventory[PDF]
Mandarin Linguistic Features
Mandarin vs. English Consonants
Mandarin (China and Taiwan)(Portland State University)
CIRRE Chinese Culture and Disability: Information for U.S. Service Providers
Writing Systems: Constructed scripts, Languages (profiles, how to learn languages, language lessons, language names, language families), Multilingual pages (Useful phrases, silly phrases, phrase finder, numbers, time, colours, family words, terms of endearment, idioms, proverbs, tongue twisters, songs, stories)
PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY MULTICULTURAL TOPICS IN CSD:
Information below is from the Portland State University website
PHRASES IN 50 LANGUAGES:
MUSTGO WORLD LANGUAGES:
Status, Dialects, Structure (Sound, system, Syllable structure, Vowels, Consonants, Tones, Grammar (Nouns, Verbs, Sentence Markers, Word Order), Vocabulary, Writing
RESOURCES FOR SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN:
CHARLES STUART UNIVERSITY AUSTRALIA:
ACQUISITION OF SPEECH IN EARLY CHILDHOOD IN MANY LANGUAGES:
Speech Intelligibility – Intelligibility in Speech Context:
Comparing languages: International Phonetic Alphabet:
Multilingual Speech Assessments:
These are incredibly useful and are available for many languages
These cue cards are available in many languages and can be extremely useful.
INFORMATION ABOUT DEAFNESS AND HEARING LOSS
SPEECH DISCRIMINATION IN MANDARIN:
SPEECH DISCRIMINATION IN CANTONESE:
Cued Speech – adapted in more than 50 languages
CHINESE SIGN LANGUAGE: